Thayer R-II School District
District Wellness Program
Nutrition Education and Standards
Obesity rates in the United States have risen
significantly, particularly among young people. According to the
Centers for Disease Control (CDC), Type 2 diabetes has become more
prevalent among children and adolescents as rates of overweight and
obesity rise. Type 2 diabetes was formerly known as Adult Onset
Diabetes but the name has been changed because of the prevalence of the
disorder among young people!
Overweight children and adolescents are more likely to
become overweight or obese adults. CDC reports that children who were
overweight by age 8 were more severely obese as adults.
Here's the situation today as reported by CDC:
§ Approximately 16% of children and adolescents ages 6-19 years are overweight.
§ The prevalence of overweight
among children aged 6-11 years has more than doubled in the past 20
years and among adolescents aged 12-19 has more than tripled.
§ Less than 40% of children and adolescents in the United States meet the U.S. Dietary Guidelines for saturated fat.
§ Nearly 80% of young people do not eat the recommended number of servings of fruits and vegetables.
§ Only 39% of children ages 2 - 17 meet the USDA's dietary recommendation for fiber.
§ Eighty-five percent of
adolescent females do not consume enough calcium. During the last 25
years, consumption of milk, the largest source of calcium, has decreased
36% among adolescent females.
§ A large number of high school students use unsafe methods to lose or maintain weight.
The Nutrition Education Program should be designed to
influence students' eating habits. Connections between nutrition theory
and practice should be immediately apparent to students.
In a joint statement, the American Dietetic Association,
the American School Food Service Association (now the School Nutrition
Association) and the Society for Nutrition Education have stated that
"comprehensive nutrition services must be provided to all of the
nation's preschool through grade twelve students." Several research
studies have shown that multi-faceted programs involving classroom
education, parental involvement and food service changes are effective
in changing student behaviors. Programs that give students the
opportunity for skill-building with hands-on activities work best. Good
nutrition education programs connect to the larger school environment
and families. These connections should include the school foodservice
program and any other food sales in school.
The primary goals of the Thayer R-II School District's
wellness program are to promote student health, reduce student
overweight/obesity. Facilitate student learning of lifelong healthy
habits and increase student achievement. The following procedures will
guide the implementation of the district's wellness program.
The district will comply with USDA regulation for the National
School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program and designates the
following minimum nutrition guidelines, based on the Missouri Eat Smart
Nutrition Guidelines, for foods and beverages served in schools during
the school day:
- At least 50% of cereals offered contain no more than 35% of weight from sugar per serving.
- Foods containing whole grains are offered at least one day a week with a goal of at least 3 times a week.
- Fresh, canned dried or frozen fruits or vegetables are offered at least 3 days a week
- At least one of the following will be offered daily
- Low fat 1% or ½ % milk
- Skim (nonfat) milk
- A main dish with total fat less than or equal to 16 grams per serving is offered at least 3 times a week.
- Dark green or orange vegetables or fruits are offered at least 1 time a week.
- Fresh fruits or raw vegetable are offered 1-3 times a week.
- A food item containing whole grains is offered at least 1 time a week.
- At least one of the following will be offered daily
- Low fat 1% or ½ % milk
- Skim (nonfat) milk
- Only Reduced-fat and/or fat-fee salad dressings are purchased by the district.
A' La Carte Food Items:
A' la carte items comply with USDA regulations prohibiting the
sale of "foods of minimal nutritional value" where school meals are
served or eaten during the meal period and include the following:
- Main dishes are comparable in portion sizes to any food item served in the school lunch and breakfast programs.
- Fruits or vegetables
- At least 50% of items offered will contain no more than 35% of total calories form fat, except for nuts, seeds and nut butters.
A' La Carte Beverages:
Include the following:
Food Items Sold in Vending Machines and School Stores:
Vending items comply with USDA regulations prohibiting the sale
of "foods of minimal nutritional value" where school meals are served
or eaten during the meal period and are not allowed on school property
in areas accessible to students: These foods include but is not limited
to all soda water (includes soda); water ices (popsicles); chewing gum;
certain candies such as hard candy, jellies and gums; marshmallow
candies; fondant (candy corn and soft mints); licorice,; spun candy; and
candy coated popcorn.
The sale of other vended foods:
· All items offered must meet all of the following criteria per selling unit
§ Fat; not more than 35% of total calories from fat except for nuts, seeds, and nut butter.
§ Sugar; not more than 35% of weight from sugar except for fruit (without added sugar).
§ Calories; Not more than 200 calories per serving unit
The sale of vending beverages:
· Carbonated beverages
and soda will not be allowed in vending machines accessible to students
at the elementary school. Carbonated beverages and soda at the high
school will be offered when at least 50% of the items in the vending
§ 50-100% juice
§ Diet, low or no sugar
§ Non caffeinated
All beverages meeting USDA's "foods of minimal
nutritional value" will be eliminated from vending machines by the
2008-2009 school year.
CLASSROOM REWARDS & PARTIES, FUNDRAISERS, SCHOOL EVENTS
- Students are encouraged to have individual water bottles in the classroom.
- Foods or beverages meeting USDA's "foods of minimal nutritional value" will not be allowed as rewards in the classroom.
- Classroom parties and celebrations
- Will be scheduled no less than 1 hour after the end of the last lunch period
- The frequency of such events will be limited and will be left to the discretion of the building administration.
- Food and beverage choices will be offered to promote healthy eating and meet the nutrition guidelines for vended items.
- Fundraising activities that promote physical activity are encouraged.
- Fundraising activities that sell food or beverages
to be consumed during school hours will meet the nutrition guidelines
listed for vended items.
- Snacks served during the day, and after-school will
make a positive contribution to the children's diet. Foods offered will
meet the nutrition guidelines listed for vended items and will not be
allowed before lunch.
- Concessions served at school events will offer choices that promote healthy eating.
The district's nutrition education goal is to work in
partnership with the Missouri Extension Office and the County Health
Department to integrate sequential nutrition education with the
comprehensive health education program and, to the extent possible, the
core curriculum taught at every grade level in order to provide students
with the necessary knowledge and skills to make healthy nutrition
decisions. In order to achieve the nutrition education goal, the
- Provide students at all grade levels with adequate nutritional knowledge including, but not limited to:
- The benefits of healthy eating
- Essential nutrients
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Principles of healthy weight management
- The use and misuse of dietary supplements
- Safe food preparations, handling and storage
- Provide students with nutrition-related skills that minimally include the ability to:
- Plan healthy meals
- Understand and use food labels
- Apply the principles of he Dietary Guidelines for Americans and MyPyramid
- Critically evaluate nutrition information, misinformation and commercial food advertising
- Assess person eating habits, nutrition goal setting and achievement.
- Provide instructional activities that stress the
appealing aspects of healthy eating and are hands-on, behavior based,
culturally relevant, developmentally appropriate and
enjoyable. Examples of activities include, but are not limited to: food
preparation, contests, promotions, taste-testings, farm visits and
- Encourage district staff to cooperate with local
agencies and community groups to provide students with opportunities for
volunteer work related to nutrition, such as in food banks, soup
kitchens or after-school programs.
- Ensure that school counselors and school health
services staff consistently promote healthy eating to students and other
staff and that these professionals are prepared to recognize conditions
such as unhealthy weight, eating disorders and other nutrition-related
health problems among students and staff as well as assure access to
- Coordinate the food service program with nutrition
instruction. Food service staff should also work closely with those
responsible for other components of the school health program to achieve
The district's physical activity goal is to assist
students in learning to value and enjoy physical activity as an ongoing
part of a healthy lifestyle by ensuring that every student has the
opportunity to develop the knowledge and skills necessary to perform a
variety of physical activities, maintain physical fitness and regularly
participate in physical activity. In order to achieve the physical
activity goal, the district will:
- Develop a sequential program of appropriate physical education for every student. The program will:
- Provide for an average of at least 90 minutes of
physical education for students at the elementary grades during the
school week; at least 225 minutes during each week for students in
junior high; and one unit for students in high school with a
recommendation of two units.
- Emphasize knowledge and skills for a lifetime of regular physical activity.
- Devote at least 50% of physical education class time
to actual physical activity in each week at middle and high school and
at least 80% at the elementary level, with as much time as possible
spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity.
- Meet the needs of all students, especially those who are not athletically gifted or who have special needs.
- Provide a variety of activity choices, feature
cooperative as well as competitive activities, and account for gender
and cultural differences in students' interests.
- Be closely coordinated with the other components of the overall school health program.
- Provide time in elementary schools for supervised
recess. All students K-5 will have at least 40 minutes per day of
supervised recess. Recess will be held outdoors when possible. The
withholding of recess for punishment will be used sparingly.
- Provide opportunities and encouragement for students to voluntarily participate in after school physical activity programs.
- Strive to provide joint school an community recreational activities by:
· Actively engaging
families as partners in their children's education and collaborating
with community agencies and organizations to provide ample opportunities
for students to participate in physical activity beyond the school day.
· Encouraging schools to
negotiate mutually acceptable, fiscally responsible arrangements with
community agencies and organizations to keep district-owned facilities
open for use by students, staff and community members during non-school
hours and vacations.
· Encouraging district
officials to work together with local public works, public safety,
police departments and /or other appropriate state and federal
authorities in efforts to make it safer and easier for students to walk
and bike to school.
Other School-Based Activities
- Discourage periods of inactivity that exceed
two or more hours. When activities such as mandatory school wide
testing make it necessary for students to remain indoors for long
periods of time, staff should give students periodic breaks during which
they are encourage to stand and be moderately active.
The district's goal for other school-based activities is to
ensure an integrated whole-school approach to the district's wellness
program. The district will achieve this goal by addressing the areas
School instructional staff will collaborate with agencies and
groups conducting nutrition education in the community to send
consistent messages to students and their families. Guest speakers will
receive appropriate orientation to the relevant policies of the
The wellness program shall make effective use of district and
community resources and equitably serve the needs and interests of all
students and staff, taking into consideration differences of gender,
cultural norms, physical and cognitive abilities and fitness levels.
The district will strive to engage families as partners
in their children's education by supporting parental efforts to motivate
and help their children with maintaining and improving their health,
preventing disease and avoiding health-related risk behaviors.
Marketing and Advertising
Marketing in district facilities will be consistent with the
goals of the district's wellness program and comply with Board Policy.
The district will strive to promote the wellness program and educate
parents regarding the quality of district foods.
Students are not permitted to leave school campus during the
school day to purchase food or beverages. Meal times will comply with
the following guidelines:
· Meal times will
provide students with at least 10 minutes to eat after sitting down for
breakfast and 20 minutes after sitting down for lunch.
· Activities such as tutoring or meetings will not be held during mealtimes unless students may eat during such activities.
· Students will have access to hand-washing facilities before they eat meals or snacks.
· The district will take
reasonable steps to accommodate the tooth-brushing regimens of students
on an individual basis with supplies for this provided by the parent.
· The cafeteria will be clean, orderly and inviting.
Staff Development and Training
Staff will be provided with training and related to all areas
of student wellness. Staff responsible for nutrition education will be
adequately prepared and regularly participate in professional
development activities to effectively deliver the nutrition education
program as planned. Staff responsible for implement the physical
education program will be properly certified and regularly participate
in area-specific professional development activities. Qualified
professionals will administer the district meal program and will receive
ongoing, area-specific professional development.
The Thayer R-II School District highly values the health and well-being of every
staff member and will plan and implement activities and
policies that support personal efforts by staff to maintain a healthy
lifestyle. The district will establish and maintain a staff wellness
committee composed of staff representatives from each building, wellness
committee member, school nurse, employee benefits specialist, and other
appropriate personnel. The staff wellness committee will develop,
promote and oversee a plan to promote staff health and wellness.
The Thayer R-II School District will provide sun safety education that will assist students with:
- Knowledge about the harmful effects of the sun and ways to protect skin.
- Sun-safe skills, including the correct use of
protective clothing, hats, sunglasses, sunscreen and lip balm as well as
seeking shade and limiting sun exposure when possible and practical
during the hours of peak sun intensity.
- Knowledge about how to assess personal sun safety habits, set goals for improvement and achieve these goals.
Tobacco use prevention education will focus on all grades with
particular emphasis on the middle grades. Instructional activities will
be participatory and developmentally appropriate. Tobacco use prevention
education programs will be implemented in accordance with Board policy,
relevant administrative procedures and law.
Oversight and Evaluation
The wellness program coordinators are responsible for monitoring implementation of the district wellness program by:
- Assuming responsibility for the assessment of existing policies and procedures.
- Prioritizing wellness goals and writing work plans for each goal.
- Measuring implementation of the district wellness policy and procedure.
- Ensuring that the district meets the goals of the wellness policy and procedure.
- Reporting to the Board on compliance and progress annually.